The leach lines, or drain field, is an integral part of the septic system. Almost the same could be said for a car/trucks engine and transmission. One cannot exist without the other. The tanks main job is to collect solid waste, inhibiting it from moving to the leach lines. The leach line component is responsible for processing (leach) of the effluent that comes out of the septic tank. Microbes within the soil, process the waste and return nutrients to the soil. The clean water filters through the soil and rocks to rejoin the natural ground water supply. With these three tips, you can ensure a long lasting leach line.
Staggering or planning the amount of water you use everyday can help avoid costly repairs. Run the dishwasher mid day, take showers morning and night and do laundry throughout the week to avoid big surges during high water days. The tank is equipped to handle approx. 75 gal water per person; so using low flow toilets, making sure fixtures are tight and diverting outside drains/runoffs away from the tank can all help ease the water flow. This will also help ensure leach lines avoid the heavy surges of excess water.
Routinely servicing your system will yield the greatest results. The EPA recommends for a family of 4 people, every 3 years. This might seem costly at first, but figuring regular usage and average pump costs, it runs less an $1 a day to ensure all plumping is running accordingly. Regular inspection can also be helpful in determining the effectiveness of the leaching system.
Take care to not flush inappropriate items such as diapers, feminine hygiene, paper towels or chunks of food down the drain. GREASE is also a bad idea, as it can build up and case backups. Buy cleaners that are natural or less toxic than leading brands, avoid heavy amounts of bleach and stay away from DRAIN-O type solutions as they can deteriorate the healthy bacteria in the system. These will also harm your leach lines by sending organic matter into them, causing them to seal & not drain.
With these tips and more from our blog, you should be able to avoid costly repairs and unknown troubles into the foreseeable future.